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    石油工程专业英语单词

    时间:2021-03-04 23:01:52 来源:达达文档网 本文已影响 达达文档网手机站

    3-D seismic survey (D: dimension:) 三维地 震勘探 5-spot pattern n.五点井网 Abandon v.(油井)报废,废弃 Abandon well n.废井 Acid wash n.酸洗 Acidization n.酸化(作用)
    Acidization n.酸化(作用)
    Acidize v.酸化 Additive n.添加剂 Agent n.试剂,媒介 Alkane n.烷烃,链烷烃 Analytic solution n.解析解 Anisotropic a.各向异性的,非均质的 Annular a.环形的 Annular mist flow n.环雾流 Annulus n.环形空间,环空 Anticline n.背斜 API standards n.美国石油协会标准 Aromatic n.芳香族,芳香族环烃;
    a. 芳香的 Artifical lift n.人工举升 Artificial lift n.人工举升 Artificial water drive n.人工注水驱 Asphaltene n.沥青烯 Asphaltic a.含沥青的,沥青质的;
    n.沥青质 Associated a.伴生的 Attribute n.属性,特征,标志 Baffle n.隔板;
    v.阻碍,挫折 Barefoot completion n.裸眼完井 Barite n.重晶石 Barrel n.桶 Barrier n.隔层 Bbl (blue barrel) Bean n.油嘴,节流器 Belt cover n.皮带盖 Bentonite n.膨润土,斑脱岩 Bit n.钻头 Black-oil simulator n.黑油模拟器 Blender truck n.混砂车 Blow out v.井喷 Blowout n.井喷 Blowout preventer (BOP) n.防喷器 Borehole n.井眼 Bottom hole n.井下 Collapse v.坍塌,倒塌 Collar n.钻铤 Compaction n.压实作用 Compaction n.压实(作用),挤压 Completion n.完井,完成,结束 Compress v.压缩 Compressor n.压缩机 Concentration n.浓度;
    集中 Condensate n.凝析油 Condensate n.凝析油 Conductor casing n.导管 Conductor casing n.导管 Conductor hole n.导管孔 Conductor pipe n.导管 Cone n.圆锥,(锥形)牙轮 Configuration n.构造 Connate a.原生的,共生的 Connate water n.原生水,共生水 Contaminant n.杂质,污染物 Continuous lift n.连续气举 Core n.岩心 Core n.岩心 Core holder n.岩心夹持器 Core slug n.岩心塞 Coring bit n.取芯钻头 Corrode v.腐蚀 Corrode v.腐蚀,侵蚀;
    锈蚀 Corrosion n.腐蚀 Corrosion n.腐蚀 Corrosive a.腐蚀的;
    n.腐蚀剂 Corrosive a.腐蚀的;
    n.腐蚀剂 Counterbalance n.平衡(块);
    v.使平衡,抵消 Counterweight n.平衡块 Crack v.裂开 Crank n.曲柄,摇把 Crown block n.钻台 Crumble v.坍塌,破碎 Crust n.地壳 Curve n.曲线 Cutting/chips n.钻屑 Darcy’s law n.达西定律 Defoamer n.去泡剂 Degas v.脱气 Dehydrate v.脱水 Dehydration n.脱水,去水 Delta n.三角洲 Demulsified n.破乳剂 Deposit v.沉积,存款(与withdraw相对)
    Derrick n.井架,钻塔 Derrick floor n.钻台 Desalt v.除盐 Desalter n.脱盐剂 Desand v.除砂 Desander n.除砂器 Descale v.除垢 Desilter n.除泥器 Development well n.开发井 Deviate v.偏移,偏差 Deviated well n.斜井 Diamond n.金刚石 Diesel n.柴油机,内燃机 Diesel n.柴油机;
    柴油 Diffusivity n.扩散率,扩散性,扩散系数 Dimension n.量纲,因次,维,元 Dimensional a.量纲的,维次的 Directional well n.定向井 Discharge line n.排出管线 Discount factor n.贴现系数 Discount rate n.现贴率 Discounted cash flow return on investment Displacement n.驱替,取代,排出量 Displacement efficiency n.驱替效率 Displacement fluid n.顶替液 Displacement pressure n.排驱压力 Dissolve v.溶解,解除;
    无效 Dissolved gas n.溶解气 Doghouse n.井场值班房 Dolomite n.白云岩 Downhole n.底部井眼,井下 Downstroke n.下冲程 Dozer n.推土机 Drainage n.排驱,排水 Drainage area n.供油面积,泄油面积 Draw works n.绞车 Drillfloor n.钻台 Drilling line n.钻井钢丝绳 Drilling mud n.钻井泥浆 Drilling string n.钻柱 Drillstem test (DST ) n.中途测试 Drill-stem test (DST ) n.中途试井,地层试验器试井 Droplet n.微滴,小滴 Dynagraph card n.示功图 Effective permeability n.有效渗透率 Effective permeability n.有效渗透率 Elevate v.提升,升华 Elevation n.海拔,上升,举起 Emulsified acid n.乳化酸 Emulsifier n.乳化剂 Emulsion n.乳化;
    乳状液 Emulsion breaker n.破乳剂 Encroachment n.侵入,水侵 Engine oil n.机油 Engine system n.动力系统 Enhance v.提高,改善 Enhanced recovery n.强化采油,提高采收率 Ester n.酯,酯类 Ethane n.乙烷 Exploitation n.开发 Exploration n.勘探 Exploration well n.探井 Fall-off test n.(注水井)压降试井 Fatty a.脂的,脂肪的 Fault n.断层 Fine n.细砂 Fingering n.指进现象 Fitting n.配件;
    油嘴;
    适合 Five-spot n.五点井网 Flood front n.注水前缘 Flow nipple n.节流嘴,油嘴 Flow pattern n.流型 Flow rate n.产量 Flowing well efficiency n.流动系数 Flowmeter n.流量计 Foam n.泡沫 Fold v.褶皱,折叠 Formation n.地层 Formation gas oil ratio n.地层气油比 Formation transmissibility n.地层传导率 Frac pumper n.压裂泵车 Frac sand n.压裂砂,支撑剂 Fraction n.馏分;
    分数 Fracture v. & n. 裂缝 Fracture n.裂缝;
    破裂v.压裂 Freshwater n.淡水,清水,新鲜水 Friction reducing additive n.降阻剂 Fuel n.燃油 Fuel storage n.燃料罐 FVF(formation volume factor) n.地层体积系数 Gas cap n.气顶 Gaseous a.气体的,气态的,空虚的 Gas-in-place n.天然气地质储量 Gasoline n.汽油 Gathering system n.集输系统 Gear reducer n.齿轮变速器 Geometry n.几何形态,几何学 Geophysical well logs 地球物理测井 Gravel n.砾石,砾砂 Gravel pack n.砾石充填 Gravitational drainage n.重力排驱 Grease n.润滑油 Gross thickness n.总厚度 Gush v.井喷 Gush v.井喷 Gusher n.井喷 Hardness n.硬度,硬性 Heterogeneity n.不均匀,复杂性 Hoist v.提升,轮换,改变 Hoist system n.提升系统 Hook n.大钩 Hose n.水龙带 Hydraulic fracture n.人工裂缝,水力压裂裂缝 Hydraulic fracture n.水力压裂裂缝 Hydraulic fracturing n.水力压裂 Hydrocarbon n.烃类,碳氢化合物 Hydrogen sulfide n.硫化氢 Hydrogen sulphide n.硫化氢 Identified crude oil reserves n.探明地质储量 Impermeable a.不渗透的(与permeable相对)
    Impurity n.杂质,夹杂质混合物 In situ n.(拉丁语)就地,原地 Infill drilling n.加密钻井 Influx n.流入,注入,主入口 Inject v.注入 Injectivity n.注入能力,注入性 Injectivity index n.注入指数 Inlet n.进口,输入(量)
    Insitu combustion n.层内燃烧,火烧油层 Interference test n.井间干扰测试,干扰试井 Intermediate casing n.中间套管 Intermittent a.间歇的,中断的 Intermittent lift n.间歇气举 Internal rate of return n.内部收益率 Interval n.间隔,间距,层段;
    隔层 Irreducible a.不可减少的,剩余的,残余的 Irreducible water/oil saturation n.束缚水/残余油饱和度 Irreducible water/oil saturation 束缚水/残余油饱和度 Jack up v.举高,顶起 Junk n.废料,井下金属碎屑 Kelly n.方钻杆 Kelly bushing n.方钻杆补心 Kerosene n.煤油 Kick n.井涌;
    v.踢 Layer zone n.产层 Leak v.滤失 Leakage /leakoff n.滤失 Limestone n.石灰岩 Liner hanger n.尾管悬挂器 Liner n.筛管,尾管 Liquefy v.液化;
    稀释 LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) n.液化石油气,液化气 Lubricant n.润滑油 Magnesium n.镁 Make a trip 起下钻 Manifold a.多方面的;
    n.汇管 Manifold n.管汇 Marine a.海上的 Marine a.海相的,海上的 Mast n.桅杆式井架 Masterbushing n.转盘方瓦 Matrix n.基质 MEOR (microbial enhanced oil recovery) Methane n.甲烷 Microbial a.微生物的 Milli-Darcy n.毫达西(渗透率单位)
    Mine v.开采矿物 Mineral n.矿物 Miscibility n.混相能力 Miscible a.混相的 Miscible a.混相的,互溶的 Miscible flooding n.混相驱 Miscible flooding n.混相驱 Mist n.雾 Mobility n.流度 Mobility ratio n.流度比 Monkey board n.二层平台 Mud acid n.土酸 Mud cake n.泥饼 Mud engineer n.泥浆工程师 Mud gas separator n.泥气分离器 Mud house n.泥浆房 Mud logger n.录井员 Mud n.泥浆,淤泥 Mud pit n.泥浆池 Mud pump n.泥浆泵 Mud scale n.泥浆比重计 Multiple-well test n.多井测试,干扰试井 n.聚晶金刚石钻头 n.微生物强化采油 n.现值投资收益率 Natural flow n.自然流动,自喷 Natural gas liquids n.天然气液体,凝析油 Nodding donkey/horsehead n.驴头 Non-associated natural gas n.非伴生天然气,气田气 Non-associated natural gas 非伴生天然气,气田气 Normal fault 正断层 ODP (offshore drilling process) n.海洋钻井程序 Offshore n.海上,近海 Oil film n.油膜 Oil patch/field n.油田 Oil string n.油层套管,生产套管 Oil zone n.生产层 Oil-bearing 油层;
    含油的 Oil-in-place n.地下原油储量 Onshore a.陆地的,陆上的 Open-hole n.裸眼 Open-hole completion n.裸眼完井 Original oil in place n.原始地质储量 Originate v.起源,发起(接from)
    Outcome n.产量 Outcrop n.露头 Outlet n.出口,输出(量)
    Overbalance n.过平衡,正压 Overbalanced drilling n.过平衡钻井 Overlay v.上覆 Oversaturated oil 过饱和油 Packer n.封隔器 Packer-bridge n.桥堵 Pad fluid n.前置液 Paraffin n.链烷烃,石蜡族;
    煤油 Particle n.微粒,粒子 Pattern n.井网;
    模式 Pattern type n.井网类型 Pay zone n.生产层 Payout time n.偿还期 PDC bit (polycrystalline diamond compact bit ) Penetration n.穿透;
    吃入(钻头对岩层)
    Pentane n.戊烷 Perforate v.射孔,穿孔 Perforated a.射孔的,带孔的 Perforated completion n.射孔完井 Perforation n.射孔 Perforation interval n.射孔井段 Permeability n.渗透率 Permeable a.可渗透的 Petrochemical n.石油化工,石油化学 Phase n.相;
    阶段 Pig n.清管器 Pig receiver n.收球装置 Pig sender n.发球装置 Pile driver n.打桩机 Pipe rack n.管架 Pipeline n.管道,管道输送 Pipeline system n.管网系统 Pipework/pipeline n.管网,管道工程 Piston n.活塞 Pit n.坑,窖,泥浆池 Pitman n.连杆 Platform n.钻台 Plug v.堵;
    n.旋塞,岩塞,段塞 Plug v.堵塞;
    n.塞子 Plunger n.柱塞 Pneumatic a.空气的,风力的;
    气体的 Pneumatic/air drilling n.风钻,空气钻井 Polish rod n.光杆 Polymer n.聚合物 Porosity n.孔隙度 Porous a.多孔的,空隙的 Porous media 多孔介质 Portable rig n.轻便钻机 Potentiometric model n.电位模型,等势模型 Ppm (parts per million ) n.百万分之几 Ppm(parts per million ) n.百万分之几 Preflush n.前置液 Present worth index n.现值指数 Present worth n.现值 Present worth net profit n.现值净收益 Pressure buildup n.压力恢复 Pressure build-up test n.压力恢复试井,压力恢复测试 Pressure drawdown n.压力降落 Primary pore n.原生孔隙 Primary recovery n.一次采油 Prime mover n.电动机,马达 Production battery 集油站 Production casing n.生产套管 Production decline 产量递减 Production facility 生产设备 Production gain 增产油量 Production horizon 生产层位 Production interval 生产层段 Production liner n.生产尾管 Production logging 生产测井 Production operation 采油作业 Production rate n.采油速度,产量 Production rate n.产量 Production rate 产量 Production seismology 开发地震 Production watercut 产液含水率 Production well n.生产井 Production zone n.生产层 Productive a.生产的,开采的,产油的 Productivity n.生产能力,产能 Productivity index n.采油指数 Productivity index n.生产指数 Profitability index n.赢利指数 Profit-to-investment-ratio n.利润投资比 Propane n.丙烷 Proppant n.支撑剂 Pull rod/sucker rod /sucker pole n.抽吸拉杆 Pulse test n.脉冲试井 Quaternary a.第四的,第四次的 Quaternary recovery n.四次采油 Ram n.柱塞;
    防喷器芯子 Rate n.速度,速率;
    v.评定,估计;
    确定,衡量 Recoverable reserves n.可采储量 Recycle v.再循环 Reel n.卷轴,滚筒;
    卷缆车 Refine v.炼制,提纯 Refinery n.炼油厂 Refinery n.炼油厂 Reinject v.回注 Reperforation n.补孔,再射孔 Reserve n.储量 Reservoir n.油藏,水库 Reservoir management n.油藏管理 Reservoir performance n.油藏动态 Residual a.残余的,剩余的 Residual oil saturation n.剩(残)余油饱和度 Resin n.树脂,松香;
    v.涂树脂 Respirator n.防毒面具,口罩 Return line n.上返管线 Rig n.钻机 Rock layer n.岩层 Rocking ram n.摇臂 Rod pump n.有杆泵 Rotary a. 旋转的,循环的 Rotary drilling n.旋转钻井 Rotary table n.转盘 Rotating system n.旋转系统 Saddle bearing n.支架轴承 Safety slip n.安全卡瓦 Saline a.含盐的;
    n.盐水 Saline n.盐水;
    a.含盐的 Saline lake n.盐湖 Saline water n.盐水 Saline water n.盐水 Salineness n.含盐度,含盐量 Salinity n.矿化度 Salinity n.盐度,盐性,矿化度 Samson posts n.支架 Sand carrier n.携砂液 Sand control n.防砂 Sand cutting n.砂蚀,砂屑 Sand truck n.砂罐车 Sandstone n.砂岩 Sandup n.砂堵 Saturate v.饱和 Saturation n.饱和 Scale n.刻度,温标;
    水垢 Screen n.筛网 Secondary recovery n.二次采油 Sediment v.沉积,沉积岩 Sedimentary a.沉积的 Sedimentary basin n.沉积盆地 Sedimentary rock n.沉积岩 Separator n.分离器 Shale shaker n.泥浆振动筛 Shaped charges n.聚能射孔弹 Shut-down n.关井,停机 Shut-in n.关井 Simulate v.模仿,模拟,使模型化 Simulation n.模型,模拟,模型化 Simulator n.模拟程序,模拟器 Skin factor n.表皮系数 Skin factor n.表皮因子 Slant hole /inclined well n.斜井 Slip n.滑;
    卡瓦 Slippage effect n.滑脱效应 Slug n.段塞 Slug flow n.段塞流 Slug n.段塞 Slurry n.水泥浆 Slurry fluid n.携砂液 Soluble a.可溶的,能溶的;
    可解决的 Solution n.溶解作用 Sort v.分选,排序 Sour gas n.含硫天然气 Spud in v.开钻 Spudding in n.开钻 Standing valve n.固定阀 STB(stock tank barrel) n.储罐桶数 Steam drive n.蒸汽驱 Stimulate v.(油井)增产,(水井)増注 Stimulation n.增产措施 Stimulation n.增产措施;
    増注措施 Storage n.储存,储备 Strata n. (pl.) 地层 Stratigraphic a.地层的,地层学的 Stratum n.层,岩层;
    地层 Stroke n.冲程 Structure fault trap 构造断层圈闭 Stuffing box n.盘根盒 Substructure n.井架底座 Sucker n.吸入泵,吸管,吸入活塞 Sulfide n.硫化物 Sulphur n.硫 Supersaturated a.过饱和的 Surface casing n.表层套管 Surface tension n.表面张力 Surfactant n.表面活性剂 Suspending agent n.悬浮剂 Sweep efficiency n.波及效率 Sweep v.扫油,波及 Swivel n.旋转接头,(钻井)水龙头 Syncline n.向斜 Tectonic a.构造的,构造学的 Tectonic plate n.构造板块 Tertiary recovery n.三次采油 Throat n.喉道,咽喉 Throttle v.节流,减速;
    n.节流阀 Throttle v.节制,调节,n.节流,节流阀 Throttle valve n.节流阀 Throughput n.生产量,生产率 Thrust fault 逆断层 Tortuosity n.迂曲度,弯曲度 Tortuous a.弯曲的 Toxic a.有毒的 Tractor-trailer n.牵引拖车 Trap n.圈闭 Traveling block n.游动滑车 Traveling valve n.游动阀 Tricone bit n.三牙轮钻头 Trip out v.起出(钻具)
    Truck-mounted rig n.车载钻机 Tubing n.油管 Underbalance drilling n.欠平衡钻井 Undersaturated a.不饱和的 Undersaturated oil 不饱和油 Unemulsified a.非乳化的 Upstroke n.上冲程 V-door ramp n.斜坡 Viscosity n.黏度 Viscosity increasing agent n.增粘剂 Viscous a.粘性的,粘稠的 Void n.空隙,孔隙;
    a.无效的,空白的 Walking beam n.游梁 Wash-out n.冲蚀;
    清洗 Water cut 含水率 Water encroachment n.水侵(量)
    Water flooding n.水驱 Water influx n.水侵量 Water tank n.水罐 Water-free a.不含水的,无水的 Water-in-oil n.油包水乳状液 Water-oil contact n.油水界面 Wax n.蜡;
    a.蜡状的 Wear out v. 磨损,磨坏 Well pattern n.井网 Well rate n.油井产量 Well testing n.试井 Wellbore n.井眼 Wellbore n.井筒 Wellbore n.井眼 Wellhead n.井口 Well-sorted a.分选好的 Wildcat n.干井,初探井 Wire-wrapped screen completion n.绕丝筛管完井 Wire-wrapped screen n.绕丝筛管 Withdrawal rate n.产量 Workover n.修井 Workover operation n.修井作业 Yield n.产量   仅供参考

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